Comets - 22P/Kopff - 0022P
Type Periodic Perihelion Date 25 October 2015 Perihelion Distance (q) 1.6 Aphelion Distance (Q) 5.3 Period (Years)   6.4 Eccentricity (e)   0.55 Inclination (i)   4.7 Click for NASA orbit diagram
Hills Observatory: 1 January 2013 to 15 September 2018
COMETS COMETS
DEEP SKY DEEP SKY
The comet was discovered at Königstuhl Observatory on Heidelberg, Germany. Kopff analyzed photographic plates which he exposed on August 20, 1903 against pre-discovery images of the same region. On August 23, 1903, Kopff concluded it to be a comet with an estimated apparent magnitude of 11. On mid-September 1906, the short-period nature of the comet was recognized by a team headed by Kiel Ebell of the Berkeley Astronomical Department. The comet was missed when it made a return on November 25, 1912 however on June 25, 1919, astronomers recovered the comet. The comet was located less than three days from the predicted position. Over the next several returns to Earth, none were notable until the 1945 comet’s return when the comet peaked at magnitude 8.5. The increase in brightness was a result of Jupiter altering the comet’s orbit between the years of 1939 to 1945. This change in orbit brought the comet closer to the Sun. The 1951 return was unique due to the comet being 3 magnitudes fainter than what was expected when recovered in April 1951. But the comet still reached magnitude 10.5 in October 1951. A very close pass to Jupiter in 1954 increased the comet’s perihelion distance to 1.52 AU and increased the orbital period to 6.31 years. On November 30, 1994, Carl W. Hergenrother was able to recover the comet at a stellar magnitude of 22.8 using the 1.5-m reflector at the Catalina Sky Survey. The comet reached magnitude 7 during the 1996 perihelion passage. The comet nucleus is estimated to be 3.0 kilometers in diameter with an albedo of 0.05. The nucleus is dark because hydrocarbons on the surface have been converted to a dark, tarry like substance by solar ultraviolet radiation. Date 10x10 mag Error Kphot mag Coma ' 2 Feb 15 17.43 0.06 16.2 0.2 23 Feb 15 16.93 0.05 16.0 0.3 11 Mar 15 16.19 0.07 13.2 0.2 18 Mar 15 16.29 0.02 14.9 0.3 08-Apr-15 15.55 0.02 13.7 0.4 15-Apr-15 15.59 0.04 13.9 0.4 22-Apr-15 15.75 0.07 14.5 0.3 09-May-15 15.52 0.03 12.7 0.3 16-May-15 15.66 0.02 12.4 0.3 23-May-15 15.58 0.02 13.4 0.3 02-Jun-15 15.54 0.04 12.6 0.2 10-Jun-15 15.65 0.01 13.3 0.6 05-Jul-15 15.35 0.02 12.1 0.4 20-Jul-15 15.31 0.02 12.9 0.6 26-Jul-15 15.39 0.06 12.1 0.3 09-Aug-15 15.36 0.01 11.8 0.3
TRY AGAIN IN 2021